History of Daylight Savings Time

Daylight Saving Time gives us the opportunity to enjoy sunny summer evenings by moving our clocks an hour forward in the spring.

The main purpose of Daylight Saving Time (called “Summer Time” in many places in the world) is to make better use of daylight. We change our clocks during the summer to move an hour of daylight from the morning to evening. Countries have different change dates.

Most of the United States begins Daylight Saving Time at 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday in March and reverts to standard time on the first Sunday in November. In the U.S., each time zone switches at a different time. In the European Union, Summer Time ends and begins at 1:00 a.m. Universal Time (Greenwich Mean Time). It begins the last Sunday in March and ends the last day in October. In the EU, all time zones change at the same moment.

A poll conducted by the U.S. Department of Transportation indicated that Americans liked Daylight Saving Time because ” there is more light in the evenings/can do more in the evenings.” A 1976 survey of 2.7 million citizens New South Wales, Australia,  found that 68% liked daylight saving. Indeed, some say that the primary reason that Daylight Saving Time is apart of many societies is simply that people like to enjoy long summer evenings; and the reasons such as energy conservation are merely rationalizations.

In addition, less electricity was thought to be used because people are home fewer hours during the “longer” days of spring and summer. Most people plan outside activities in the extra daylight hours. When people are not at home, they don’t turn the lights and appliances.